Your LVT floor is really simple to install!
A bit of planning, a bit of care and your floor will look as though it's been laid by a professional!
First of all
Your LVT floor should only ever be used for interior installations and should never be exposed to the weather. You should also bear in mind that direct exposure to excessive sunlight may cause fading so we do not recommend its use in sun-rooms or conservatories where there is constant exposure to the sun. It should also not be used in saunas.
1. Take up your old carpet or carpet tiles. Do not lay your new floor on a carpet or any other kind of soft floor covering. If your existing floor covering is linoleum, pvc tiles, ceramic tiles or any other kind of hard floor covering, then you can lay your new floor on top providing the surface of your existing floor covering is not damaged in any way. Your existing floor covering should also have a density greater than 500kg/m³ which is similar to plywood, and should be fastened by nails or glue to its substrate.
2. If you're replacing the skirting boards, remove those as well.
Before you do anything else
1. Make sure your sub-floor is clean. Brush or vacuum up anything that will prevent your new floor from lying flat on your sub-floor.
2. Make sure your sub-floor is flat. Get a two metre straight edge, lay it across the floor and if there is more than a 2mm gap between the straight edge and the sub-floor, you will need to rectify this before laying your new floor.
3. If your sub-floor is concrete and it's just been laid, make sure the room's properly ventilated and allow it to dry out for at least a week for each 10mm of concrete up to 40mm, and for at least two weeks for each 10mm of concrete over 40mm. With concrete screeds the residual moisture content of the sub-floor should not exceed 75% rh when using a hygrometer.
4. If you have underfloor heating, make sure that the heating-up phase has been properly carried out before laying your new floor. Under no circumstances lay your floor if the surface temperature of the concrete sub-floor exceeds 27°C.
5. If your sub-floor is wood, make sure
(a) that any loose boards are nailed down properly and no nail heads are protruding
(b) that the moisture content of the wood does not exceed 10%
(c) that any cavity underneath the sub-floor is properly ventilated
6. Bring your new floor into the room where you're going to install it and let it acclimatise for at least 48 hours. For best results, remove the flooring from the packs and separate into small piles. The ideal environment for acclimatising and laying a floor is a temperature between 18 and 22°C and a relative humidity of 45 - 60%.
LVT floors may be laid over under-floor heating but you must ensure that the following guidelines are adhered to:
(1) Electric under-floor heating systems are able to supply an almost instantaneous heat to the floor which warms up the floor over a very short space of time and can cause tensions within the floor. We cannot therefore guarantee an LVT floor laid over electric under-floor heating. You can however lay an LVT floor over electric under-floor heating providing that
(a) the maximum temperature of the heating system does not exceed 27°C at the point of contact with the floor
(b) the maximum temperature is reached in gradual stages by gentle increments over a period of time - correspondingly if the under-floor heating system is to be switched off, the minimum temperature should be reached in gradual stages by gentle increments over a period of time
(c) the cable carrying the heat is protected from direct contact with the floor
(d) the under-floor heating system is operating at all times thereby avoiding any dramatic increases or decreases in temperature which in turn will limit the amount of expansion and contraction that may take place
(2) With hot water pipe under-floor heating systems, the sub-floor slab should be activated to a normal living temperature of 20°C for a minimum of 7 days. The heating level should never exceed 27°C after your floor is installed and when changing the temperature, you should ensure a maximum increase or decrease of 2°C at any one time.
You won't need any specialist tools to install your floor. A craft knife, a fine-toothed handsaw (or a jigsaw with a downward-cutting blade), a set square, some 10mm plastic packers, a tape measure and pencil is just about all you will need.
You should not use an underlay with your new floor. If you are at all concerned about the moisture content of a concrete sub-floor, use a 0.2mm polyethylene vapour barrier but do not use any other kind of underlay.
Expansion and contraction
Vinyl will move depending on the ambient temperature of a room so you must allow for any expansion and contraction to take place otherwise you will find the floor lifting up in the most unlikely places. You make this allowance by leaving a 10mm gap around the edge of the floor using the 10mm plastic packers. Don't forget to allow 10mm around every edge of the floor - for instance, around radiator pipes and at doorways amongst others. Don't worry about this 10mm gap being visible when you've laid the floor - we'll deal with finishing off the floor later.
A guide for this allowance for expansion and contraction is 1mm per metre of flooring on each edge of the floor so be careful if your floor is greater than 10 metres in any one direction. Watch out also if you're running a floor through a doorway into another room without a break and the combined length of flooring in the two rooms exceeds 10 metres. In these situations you can either increase the 10mm allowance - for example, if your expanse of floor is 14 metres long, allow for a 14mm gap on both sides of the room - or put in an expansion profile somewhere, for instance across a doorway as shown in the diagram below.Don't forget to allow the 10mm gap either side of the expansion profile as well.
Please note that you should never screw your LVT floor to the sub-floor. Heavy items of furniture on top of your floor may also restrict the movement of your floor so in situations such as this, we recommend gluing your LVT floor to the sub-floor using a non-releasing glue specifically produced for vinyl floors.
The Valinge 5G WPC interlocking joint
The Valinge 5G WPC interlocking joint used in our LVT floors is really simple to use. Have a look at the two videos below and see how easy it is to put a floor together.
It's worth mentioning here that if you need to take up some flooring which has already been laid, lift up and disengage the row and then slide the boards apart as shown in the diagrams below. Do NOT lift up the boards to separate them - you will damage the end joint.
Laying the floor
Although in theory you can start laying your floor wherever you want, it's best to start in the left-hand corner of the room and work from left to right across the room. Doorways and radiator pipes can present a bit of a problem so give some thought as to how you're going to cope with them before you start laying the floor.
You should lay the tongue side of the floor up against the back wall and put the plastic packers between the tongue and the wall to get the right gap for expansion/contraction. You'll see that the tongue is proud of the top surface by 2mm so make sure the skirting or beading you're using around the edge of the room more than covers the overall gap of 12mm. If it doesn't, shave off the tongue which will then leave just the 10mm gap formed by the plastic packers.
When you get to the end of the row, you've got two options. The simplest way is to measure the distance between the edge of the last board you've laid and the wall; deduct 10mm for the expansion/contraction gap; and then simply cut the board to length.
Alternatively, turn the board you're going to cut to length the wrong way round, keeping the decorative surface uppermost, and lay it up against the leading edge of the last board you've laid as shown in the diagram.
Place the board tight up against the right-hand wall and insert a 10mm plastic packer so you get the correct expansion/contraction gap.
Using a set square, draw a line across the board in line with the leading edge of the previous board (as shown in the diagram above), cut the board to size and put it in place.
Take the offcut from the end of the first row and unless it's a ridiculously short length, use it to start the next row, not forgetting to put a 10mm plastic packer between it and the left-hand wall.
The last row
When you get to the last row, you will almost certainly have to cut the boards lengthways to get them to fit between the wall and the floor you've already laid. The simplest way to do this is to measure the gap, deduct 10mm for expansion and contraction and cut the board to size. You'll be surprised how often the walls of a room are slightly out so take the measurement at both ends of the board and in the middle as well if necessary.
Doorways take a little bit of thought, especially if you're running the floor through from one room to another without a break, but providing you plan ahead, they shouldn't be that much trouble.
Before you start laying the floor, or at the very latest before you get too close to a doorway, get an offcut of the floor, put it up against the door jamb and then use a handsaw to undercut any architraves and door linings as shown in the diagram below. Clear out any debris so the floor can move freely under the door frame once it's installed.
If you are planning to run the floor through the door without a break, you will need to cut the door linings and the architraves all the way through. If however you're stopping the floor at the doorway, just cut the linings as far as you're taking the floor.
You should end up with a gap at the bottom of the door jamb which allows the floor to move freely underneath AND which at the same time gives you the 10mm expansion and contraction gap, now hidden underneath the door lining.
Cut the boards to shape when you reach the doorway, not forgetting the 10mm expansion/contraction gap, so they fit under the door jamb. You may find it difficult to click the boards in place around a doorway so chisel off the leading edge of the groove and use an adhesive to glue the boards together wherever necessary. Tap the boards tight up to one another to ensure a good joint.
Use a threshold section wherever the floor butts up to a different floor covering and don't forget to allow for the 10mm expansion/contraction gap.
Have a look at the installation tab on the radiator pipe covers page for tips on cutting the floor around radiator pipes and fitting the covers.
Once you've finished laying the floor, make sure you remove all the 10mm plastic packers.
If you removed your skirting boards at the outset and you're either refitting them or replacing them with new ones, make sure that the thickness of the skirting being fitted is at least 12mm. Any less than that and the 10mm expansion and contraction gap may become visible should the floor move for some reason.
Where the existing skirting boards have been left in place and you've allowed the 10mm expansion and contraction gap between the skirting and the floor, you will need to use a beading to cover the gap.
Have a look at the installation tab on the scotia beading page for tips on fitting it.
Do NOT under any circumstances pin or glue any beading or skirting to the floor. The floor must be allowed to move freely under the skirting or beading at all times.
Your LVT floor is really easy to look after!
A bit of care and it will look good for years to come!
Looking after your floor
Although your LVT floor is one of the easiest floors to maintain, please follow our recommendations below and that way you'll keep it looking fresh as well as protecting the factory finish. After installing your floor, give it an initial cleaning to get rid of any dirt or debris.
Your floor's biggest enemy is grit and the smaller the grit, the worse it is. The first thing you must do therefore is to put an entrance mat inside every external door to encourage people to wipe their feet, and hopefully that will prevent any problems from arising. If possible, have one outside as well and also, don't forget to clean your mats every so often. Avoid the use of interior rubber, foam or plastic-backed mats as they may discolour the floor.
Use felt pads under furniture legs to stop any unforeseen scratching and put castor cups under the castors on chairs and sofas. Always lift heavy furniture when you're moving it around the room.
Clean your floor regularly. Use a brush or vacuum cleaner first of all to get all the loose dirt off the floor and then use a mop to clean it. Use warm clean water, rinsing regularly and then allow it to dry. You can use a quality resilient vinyl floor cleaner to clean up dirt and footprints but be careful not to use too much water.
Wipe up any spilled liquids as soon as possible.
Keep the ambient temperature to 18 - 20°C whenever possible.
Relocate rugs from time to time to avoid an uneven appearance.
Don't leave water or any other liquid lying around on your floor for any length of time.
Never use wax, polish, vinegar, abrasive cleaners or scouring agents as they may damage the finish of your floor.
Don't let sharp or abrasive objects come into contact with your floor.
Don't slide heavy furniture across your floor.
Don't wear stilettos, especially ones with worn heels.
Avoid exposure to direct sunlight for prolonged periods of time and during peak sunlight hours, use drapes or blinds to minimise direct sunlight.
If your floor has been subjected to an excessive amount of water due to flooding, don't panic. Your floor is highly-resistant to water so it won't be damaged. Mop up the water as soon as possible and if necessary use a dehumidifier to dry out the room. If the water has got through to your sub-floor, take up the floor, dry and clean everything, and then re-install your floor.
N.B. If you need to take up some flooring that has already been laid, lift up and disengage the row, and then slide the boards apart as shown in the diagrams below. Do NOT lift up the boards to separate them - you will damage the end joint and you may then not be able to reuse the board.
All LVT floors are guaranteed from the date of delivery for the period and under the conditions warranted by ourselves. If any goods are found to be defective during the guarantee period and providing such defects have not occurred through incorrect installation, usage or maintenance procedures, or through the liability of other products or persons, we will at our discretion either rectify or replace the defective part of the goods or refund a corresponding proportion of the original price in accordance with the manufacturer's warranty. All goods should be carefully checked for any visible defects both before and during installation. Any goods which are installed in spite of such defects are not covered by the guarantee. Under no circumstances shall we be liable for any consequential loss whatsoever in the event of any claim arising under a guarantee.
The terms of the LVT warranty are as follows:
LVT floors are guaranteed for the period set out in the specification tab for each individual floor. They are guaranteed for all residential and commercial installations to be free from defects caused as a direct result of faulty manufacture providing the floor is installed in accordance with the manufacturer's installation instructions, a copy of which can be found in each pack of flooring.
Visual appearance warranty:
LVT floors are carefully inspected by quality control personnel before leaving the factory. However, flooring should be carefully examined by the customer and the installer for any defects prior to installation. In the unlikely event of a defective board being found, it will be replaced free of charge. In the event that a defective board is installed whether inadvertently or deliberately, no warranty shall apply.
All LVT flooring is manufactured using a sophisticated bonding system with each board being produced under intense heat and pressure to ensure the highest level of quality. In the unlikely event of any structural failure of a board within one year of the installation of the floor, we will at our discretion either repair or replace the defective board free of charge. If failure occurs more than one year after installation but before the end of the warranty period, the liability under this warranty will decrease by 10% of the invoice value each year and will be limited to the repair replacement or refund (at our discretion) to the decreased value for that year.
The warranties described above will not apply and we will not in anyway be liable in the event of:
- Improper installation - Performance of the floor is highly dependent upon proper installation. Installation must therefore be in strict accordance with the LVT installation instructions.
- Improper maintenance - Maintenance must be in strict accordance with LVT maintenance instructions.
- Abnormal environmental conditions - LVT flooring products are guaranteed to perform in what we consider to be normal residential and commercial applications. Any exposure to excessive heat or excessive moisture may cause damage to the flooring and is not covered by this warranty regardless of cause or source. Electric under-floor heating systems are able to supply an almost instantaneous heat to the floor which warms up the floor over a very short space of time. This can cause tensions within the floor. We cannot therefore guarantee an LVT floor which is laid over electric under-floor heating. Any damage caused by environmental conditions outside the tolerances specified in the LVT installation instructions is excluded from any or all of this warranty.
- Misuse - No responsibility will be accepted for any damage caused directly or indirectly through misuse, abuse, accident or use that is not consistent with the LVT installation instructions. No guarantee either express or implied is given for any damage due to inadequate care or other causes including without limitation, stains, damage caused by worn or narrow-heeled shoes, by the movement of furniture or equipment, by heavy items, by impact, by scratches or scarring caused by pets or other animals, by abrasive or sharp-pointed items, or by extreme heat..
- Alterations or repairs - Alterations and unauthorised repairs to any LVT flooring will void any and all express or implied warranties including merchantability or fitness for purpose. Any authorised repairs will not extend the guarantee period.
- Reinstallation - In the event that we replace defective boards, we shall not be liable to provide for or incur the costs of removing or reinstalling the defective floor or resurfacing or refinishing the replaced or surrounding floor or to provide for the cost thereof unless and to the extent expressly provided in the warranty description above. No liability to replace or repair shall extend to any other materials or any other items used in the course of removal, installation or refinishing.
- Normal variances - Exposure of all or parts of the installed flooring to direct sunlight may cause variations in colour and such variations are not covered by this warranty
This warranty is not transferable and is extended only to the original purchaser and for the original installation. All warranties shall expire on sale, transfer or relocation of all or any part of the installed floor.
The above warranty is the only warranty either express or implied provided by ourselves for residential and commercial applications. Except as stated herein no other warranty, express or implied, is provided including any warranty of fitness for a particular purpose. No retailer, installer, dealer, distributor, agent or employee has authority to increase the scope or alter the terms or the coverage of this warranty. No agreement to repair or replace shall in any event act to extend the period of coverage of any warranty provided. In no event shall we be liable for any claim loss or damage arising from the purchase, use or the inability to use its products or from any form of special, indirect, incidental, or consequential damages including, without limitation, lost profits, emotional, multiple, punitive or exemplary damages, or legal fees. In no event shall we be liable for the costs of old or new materials other than LVT floors. In no event shall our liability exceed the amount we actually received for the sale of the defective materials concerned. Any claim under the terms of this warranty must be made within seven days of the date on which the defects first became known or first should have been discovered. All claims must be in writing and in order to make a claim under this warranty, evidence of the purchase date and the identity of the original purchaser and installation location must be provided. Without such proof, no warranty shall apply.
A striking black concrete tile vinyl floor bringing a touch of class and practicality to just about any room throughout the home and indeed to commercial interiors. Modern day designer living at your feet!
The technology of vinyl boards means that any look is possible, enabling you to create a stunning interior suitable for just about anything. The textured finish on this black concrete tile vinyl floor adds a textural dimension to give even more character, which coupled with the practical benefits of easy installation, moisture-resistance and easy maintenance, makes this a superbly cost-effective floor. Laid as a floating floor with no need for any bonding to your sub-floor and cleverly engineered to provide strength and stability, its profiled edges enable anyone to lay this floor absolutely perfectly every single time, just like a professional would!
- £54.70 per pack including VAT - £45.58 per pack excluding VAT
- 1219mm x 178mm x 4.2mm board
- 10 boards in a pack = 2.168 square metres coverage
- Laid as a floating floor so no need for any adhesive
- Lifetime guarantee for domestic use
- 30 year guarantee for commercial use
- Micro-bevelled edges on all four sides
- Really easy to install - the boards simply click together
- So easy to maintain
- Suitable for heavy domestic use and general commercial use
- Suitable for under-floor heating
- Suitable for use in wet areas but not in conservatories/sunrooms
- See below for all accessories available with this floor
|Valinge 5G interlocking joint||Yes|
|V-shaped bevelled edge on all four sides||No, square-edged|
|Surface||Matt - textured|
|Construction||1-strip/5 ply - UV coating + wear layer + decor layer + PVC base layer + 1mm backing layer|
|Board size||600mm x 300mm|
|Boards per pack||12|
|Area per pack||2.16 square metres|
|White 2400mm x 18mm x 18mm scotia beading||Yes|
|Warranty for residential use||Lifetime warranty - see warranty tab and terms and conditions|
|Warranty for commercial use||30 years - see warranty tab and terms and conditions|